Besides cost control, one of the biggest concerns from IT administrators is utilizing AWS security best practices to keep their infrastructure safe. While there are some great tools that specialize in cloud and information security, there are some security benefits of ParkMyCloud that are not often considered when hardening a cloud infrastructure.
1. Keep Instances Off When Not In Use
Scheduling your instances to be turned off on nights and weekends when you aren’t using them saves you a ton of money on your cloud bill, but also provides security and protection. Leaving servers and databases on 24/7 is just asking for someone to try to break in and connect to servers within your infrastructure, especially during off-hours when you don’t have as many IT staff keeping an eye on things. By aggressively scheduling your resources to be off as much as possible, you minimize the opportunity for outside attacks on those servers.
2. User Governance
Your users are trustworthy and need to access lots of servers to do their job, but why give them more access than necessary? Limiting what servers, databases, and auto scaling groups everyone can see to only what they need keeps accidents from happening and limits mistakes. ParkMyCloud lets you separate users into teams, with designated Team Leads to manage the individual Team Members and limits their control to just start / stop.
3. Single Sign On
In addition to governing user access to resources, ParkMyCloud integrates with all major SSO providers for SAML authentication for your users. This includes Okta, Ping Identity, OneLogin, Centrify, Azure AD, ADFS, and Google Apps. By using one of these providers, you can keep identity management centralized and offer multi-factor authentication through those SAML connections.
4. Audit Logs and Notifications
Every user action in ParkMyCloud is tracked in an Audit Log that is available to super admins. These audit logs can also be downloaded as a CSV if you want to import them into something like Splunk or Logstash for log management. Audit logs can help you see when schedules are snoozed or changed, policies are updated, or teams are created or changed.
In addition, those audit log entries can be sent as notifications to Slack channels, email addresses, or through webhooks to other tools. This lets you keep an eye on either specific teams or the entire organization within ParkMyCloud.
5. Minimal Connection Permissions
ParkMyCloud connects to AWS through an IAM Role (preferred) or an IAM User. The AWS policy that is required uses the bare minimum of necessary actions, which boils down to Describe, Start, and Stop for each resource type (EC2, ASG, and RDS). This means you don’t have to worry about ParkMyCloud doing something to your AWS account that you don’t intend. For Azure connections, ParkMyCloud requires a similarly-limited Limited Access Role, and the connection to Google Cloud requires a limited Service Account.
6. Restrict Scheduling Based on Names or Tags
The ParkMyCloud policy engine is a powerful way to automate your resource scheduling and team management, but it can also be used to prevent schedules from being applied to certain systems. For instance, if you have a prod database that you want to keep up 24/7, you can use a policy to never let any user apply a schedule (even if they wanted to). These policies can be applied based on tags, naming conventions, AWS regions, or account names.
7. Full Cloud Visibility
One great benefit of ParkMyCloud is the ability to see across all of your cloud providers (AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud), cloud accounts, and regions within a cloud. This viewability not only provides management benefits, but helps with security by keeping all resources in one list. This prevents rogue instances from running in regions you don’t normally look at, and can help you identify resources that don’t need to be running or even stopped.
As you continue to strive to follow AWS security best practices, consider adding ParkMyCloud to your security toolkit. While you’re saving money for your team, you can also get these 7 benefits to help secure your infrastructure and sleep better at night. Start a free trial of ParkMyCloud today to start reaping the benefits!
Thanks to the ability to shut down instances with a start/stop scheduler, users of Amazon’s database service can finally save time and reduce RDS costs. Until June 2017, the only way to accomplish this feat was by copying and deleting instances, running the risk of losing transaction logs and automatic backups. While Amazon’s development of the start/stop scheduler is useful and provides a level of cost savings, it also comes with issues of its own.
For one, the start/stop scheduler is not foolproof. The process for stopping and starting non-production RDS instances is manual, relying on the user to create and consistently manage the schedule. Having to manually switch off when instances are not in use, and then restart when access is needed again, is a helpful advantage but also leaves room for human error. Complicating things further, RDS instances that have been shut down will automatically be restarted after seven days, again relying on the user to switch those instances back off if they’re not needed at the time.
Why Scripting is not the Best Answer
One way of minimizing potential for error is by automating the stop/start schedule yourself with writing your own scripts. While that could work, you would need to consider the number of non-production instances deployed on AWS RDS, and plan for a schedule that would allow developers to have access when needed, which could very well be at varying times throughout the day. All factors considered, the process of writing and maintaining scheduling scripts is one that takes extra time and costs money as well. Ultimately, setting up and maintaining your own schedule could increase your cloud spend more than it reduces RDS costs.
When you start thinking about the cost of paying developers, the amount of scripts that would have to be written, and the ongoing maintenance required, buying into an automated scheduling process is a no-brainer.
How ParkMyCloud Reduces RDS Costs
ParkMyCloud saves you time and money by automating the scheduling process of stopping and starting AWS RDS instances (in addition to Microsoft Azure VMs and Google Cloud Compute instances, but that’s another post). At the same time, you get total visibility and full autonomy over your account.
The process is simple. With you as the account manager, ParkMyCloud conducts a discovery of all the company accounts, and determines which instances are most suitable for parking. From there, you have the option of implementing company-wide schedules for non-production instances, or giving each development team the ability to create schedules of their own.
ParkMyCloud takes saving on RDS costs to a whole new level with parking schedules. Different schedules can be applied to different instances, or they can be parked permanently and put on “snooze” when access is needed. Amazon’s seven-day automatic restart of switched off instances is a non-issue with our platform, and snoozed instances can be re-parked when access is no longer needed, so there’s no more relying on the user to do it manually.
For the most part, we find that companies will want to park their non-production instances outside the normal working hours of Monday to Friday, let’s say from 8:00am to 8:00pm. By parking your instances outside of those days and hours, ParkMyCloud can reduce your cloud spend by 65% – even more if you implement a parking schedule and use the snooze option.
Because you have total visibility over the account, you can reduce RDS costs even further by having a bird’s eye view of your company’s cloud use. You’ll be able to tell which of your instances are underused, terminate them, and possibly benefit further from selecting a cheaper plan (really soon). You’ll be able to see all RDS instances across all regions and AWS accounts in one simple view. You can also view the parking schedules for each instance and see how much each schedule is saving, potentially reducing costs even further. The viewability of your account and access to information provides a great resource for budgeting and planning.
The AWS start/stop scheduler is useful, but has to be done manually. Writing your own scripts sounds helpful, but it’s actually time consuming, and not fully cost-effective. ParkMyCloud automates the process while still putting you in control, reducing RDS costs and saving you time and money.
See the benefits of ParkMyCloud for yourself by taking advantage of our two-week free trial. Test our cloud cost control platform in your own environment, without any need for a credit card or signed contract, and see why our simple, cost-effective tool is the key to reducing RDS costs. We offer a variety of competitive pricing plans to choose from, or a limited-function version that you can continue to use for free after the trial ends.
A couple of weeks ago in Part 1 of this blog topic we discussed the need for cloud optimization tools to help enterprises with the problem of cloud cost control. Amazon Web Services (AWS) even goes as far as suggesting the following simple steps to control their costs (which can also be applied to Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform, but of course with slightly different terminology):
Right-size your services to meet capacity needs at the lowest cost;
Save money when you reserve;
Use the spot market;
Monitor and track service usage;
Use Cost Explorer to optimize savings; and
Turn off idle instances (we added this one).
A variety of third-party tools and services have popped up in the market over the past few years to help with cloud cost optimization – why? Because upwards of $23B was spent on public cloud infrastructure in 2016, and spending continues to grow at a rate of 40% per year. Furthermore, depending on who you talk to, roughly 25% of public cloud spend is wasted or not optimized — that’s a huge market! If left unchecked, this waste problem is supposed to triple to over $20B by 2020 – enter the vultures (full disclosure, we are also a vulture, but the nice kind). Most of these tools are lumped under the Cloud Management category, which includes subcategories like Cost Visibility and Governance, Cost Optimization, and Cost Control vendors – we are a cost control vendor to be sure.
Why do you, an enterprise, care? Because there are very unique and subtle differences between the tools that fit into these categories, so your use case should dictate where you go for what – and that’s what I am trying to help you with. So, why am I a credible source to write about this (and not just because ParkMyCloud is the best thing since sliced bread)?
Well, yesterday we had a demo with a FinTech company in California that was interested in Cost Control, or thought they were. It turns out that what they were actually interested in was Cost Visibility and Reporting; the folks we talked to were in Engineering Finance, so their concerns were primarily with billing metrics, business unit chargeback for cloud usage, RI management, and dials and widgets to view all stuff AWS and GCP billing related. Instead of trying to force a square peg into a round hole, we passed them on to a company in this space who’s better suited to solve their immediate needs. In response, the Finance folks are going to put us in touch with the FinTech Cloud Ops folks who care about automating their cloud cost control as part of their DevOps processes.
This type of situation happens more often than not. We have a lot of enterprise customers using ParkMyCloud along with CloudHealth, CloudChekr, Cloudability, and Cloudyn because in general, they provide Cost Visibility and Governance, and we provide actionable, automated Cost Control.
As this is our blog, and my view from the street – we have 200+ customers now using ParkMyCloud, and we demo to 5-10 enterprises per week. Based on a couple of generic customer uses cases where we have strong familiarity, here’s what you need to know to stay ahead of the game:
Automate Cost Control as part of your DevOps Process: ParkMyCloud
Govern User Access to Cloud Console for Start/Stop: ParkMyCloud
Integrate with Single Sign-On (SSO) for Federated User Access: ParkMyCloud
To summarize, cloud cost control is important, and there are many cloud optimization tools available to assist with visibility, governance, management, and control of your single or multi-cloud environments. However, there are very few tools which allow you to set up automated actions leveraging your existing enterprise tools like Ping, Okta, Atlassian, Jenkins, and Slack. Make sure you are not only focusing on cost visibility and recommendations, but also on action-oriented platforms to really get the best bang for your buck.
The focus on how to optimize cloud spend is now as relentless as the initial surge was to migrate workloads from ‘on-prem’ to public cloud. A lot of this focus, and resultant discussions, were in regards to options related to the use of Reserved Instances (RI’s), Spot Instances,or other pre-pay options. The pay-up-front discount plan makes sense when you have some degree of visibility on future needs, and when there is no ‘turn-if-off’ option, which we here at ParkMyCloud call “parking”.
When it comes to the ability to ‘park instances’ we like to divide the world into two halves. There are those Production Systems, which typically need to be running 24/7/365, and then there are Non-Production Systems, which at least in theory have the potential to be parked when not in use. The former are typically your end-customer or enterprise facing systems, which need to be online and available at all times.In this case, RI’s typically make sense. When it comes to those non-production systems, that’s where a tool such as ParkMyCloud comes into play. Here you have an opportunity to review the usage patterns and needs of your organization and how to optimize cloud spend accordingly. For example, you may well discover that your QA team never works on weekends, so you can turn their EC2 instances off on a Friday night and turn them back on first thing on Monday morning. Elsewhere, you might find other workloads that can be turned off in the small hours or even workloads which can be left off for extended periods.
Our customers typically like to view both their production and non-production systems in our simple dashboard. Here they can view all their public cloud infrastructure and simply lock those production systems which cannot be touched. Once within the dashboard the different non-production workloads can then be reviewed and either centrally managed by an admin or have their management delegated to individual business units or teams.
Based on our customer usage we track, we see these non-production systems typically accounting for about 50% of what the companies spend on compute (i.e. instances / VMs). We then see those who aggressively manage these non-production instances saving up to 65% of their cost, which then makes a large dent in their overall cloud bill.
So, when you are thinking about how to optimize cloud spend, there’s a lot more opportunities than just committing to purchase in advance, especially for your non-production workloads.
Users of Amazon’s database service have been clamoring for a solution to shutting down RDS instances with an automatic schedule ever since 2009, when the PaaS service was first released. Once Amazon announced the ability to power off and on RDS instances earlier this year, AWS users started planning out ways to schedule these instances using scripts or home-grown tools. However, users of ParkMyCloud were happy to find out that support for RDS scheduling was immediately available in the platform. If you were planning on writing your own scripts for RDS parking, let’s take a look at some of the additional features that ParkMyCloud could provide for you.
Schedule EC2 and ASG in addition to RDS
Very few AWS users are utilizing RDS databases without simultaneously running EC2 instances as compute resources. This means that writing your own scheduling scripts for shutting down RDS instances would involve scheduling EC2 instances as well.
ParkMyCloud has support for parking EC2 resources, RDS databases, and Auto Scaling Groups all from the same interface, so it’s easy to apply on/off schedules to all of your cloud resources.
Logical Groups to tie instances together
Let’s say you have a QA environment with a couple of RDS databases and multiple EC2 instances running a specific version of your software. With custom scripts, you have to implement logic that will shut down and start up all of those instances together, and potentially in a specific order. ParkMyCloud allows users to create Logical Groups, which shows up as one logical entity in the interface but is scheduling multiple instances behind it. You can also set start or stop delays within the Logical Group to customize the order, so if databases need to be started first and stopped last, then you can set that level of granularity.
Govern user access to databases
If your AWS account includes RDS databases that relate to dev, QA, staging, production, test, and UAT, then you’ll want to allow different users to access different databases based on their role or current project. Implementing user governance in your own scripts can be a huge hassle, but ParkMyCloud makes it easy to split your user base into teams. Users can be part of multiple teams if necessary, but by default they will only see the RDS databases that are in the teams they have access to.
High visibility into all AWS accounts and regions
Scripting your own schedules can be a challenge with a single region or account, but once you’re using RDS databases from around the world or across AWS accounts, you’re in for a challenge. ParkMyCloud pulls all resources from all accounts and all AWS regions into one pane of glass, so it’s easy to apply schedules and keep an eye on all your RDS databases.
RDS DevOps automation
It can be a challenge to integrate your own custom scripts with your devops processes. With ParkMyCloud, you have multiple options for automation. With the Policy Engine, RDS instances can have schedules applied automatically based on tags, names, or locations. Also, the ParkMyCloud API makes it easy to override schedules and toggle instances from your Slack channels, CI/CD tools, load-testing apps, and any other automated processes that might need a database instance powered on for a brief time.
Shutting down RDS instances is a huge money-saver. Anyone who is looking to implement their own enterprise-grade AWS RDS start/stop scheduler is going to run into many challenges along the way. Luckily, ParkMyCloud is on top of things and has implemented RDS parking alongside the other robust feature set that you already used for cost savings. Sign up for a free trial today to supercharge your RDS database scheduling!